Dublin is the capital and largest city of the Republic Ireland , as well as the entire island. It is situated on the east of the country, leaning against the shore. Dublin has an area of 114, 99 square kilometers, and a population of about 525 000 citizens. The capital of Ireland is economic, cultural and political center of the country, and one of the most developed cities in Europe.
Area where Dublin is located was inhabited in ancient times. Called Dubh - linn, or black pond, is mentioned in 291 in. The city was founded in the mid-ninth century by the Danes, and they were replaced by in British in 1171. On several occasions, the Irish have been unsuccessfully trying to drive out the English, and Dublin remained in their hands until 1921. Then, after the famous Irish revolution, Dublin finally became the center of the newly formed Ireland. Today, Dublin is one of the top 30 cities in the world, and a great tourist destination.
Dublin Castle was built in 1204 by order of King John. Record Tower is one of the best-preserved parts of the complex, originating from the thirteenth century. There is also a Chapel Royal from the nineteenth century. Most of the present castle was built in the eighteenth century.
Writers Museum owns first editions of books, letters of many writers such as Swift, Sheridan, Shaw, Yeats and others. The museum is housed in a beautiful Gregorian mansion.
Christ Church Cathedral was founded in 1172 by Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke. The most interesting parts of the church are "slanted wall Dublin" in the northern part, which is from 1562, after the roof collapsed, tilted 46 cm, and a mummified cat and mouse that are found in the pipe of organ, and also the heart of St. Lawrence, the patron saint of Dublin.
National Gallery of Ireland has an impressive collection of around 2 500 paintings, watercolors, drawings, prints and sculptures. Since 2002, as part of the museum there is a new Millennium Wing.
National Museum of Ireland is a proud guardian of a rich collection of Irish antiquities, dating from 7000 BC until today. Here are the Ardagh Hoard and Tara Brooch from the eighth century, and the Cross of Cong from the twelfth century.
Trinity College is one of the most popular educational centers in the world. It was founded in 1592, and his students were Jonathan Swift, Bram Stoker (author of the vampire Dracula), Oscar Wilde, Samuel Beckett, and others. The main attraction of the university is Book of Kells from the year 800.
The General Post Office is a place where happened the famous Easter Rising in 1916, when the Irish unsuccessfully tried to get rid of British rule.
In Dublin is produced one of the most popular beers in the world, Guinness, repeatedly proclaimed the best in the world. Squares of the city are filled with street entertainers, and many shops for souvenirs. Visitors can go in one of the many Irish pubs, where the atmosphere is widely known. There are also restaurants where you can taste some of the local dishes. Dublin is a city of culture, history, entertainment and enjoyment. Therefore, this charming city a great destination for a great time.